Automated hematology analyzers constitute quick and effective screening tools to monitor the overall blood status of a patient. However, such instruments do not identify all morphologically abnormal cell forms. Instead, the analyzers indicate cell abnormalities through system messages, so called parameter flags. In such cases, a manual examination of the sample by a microscopic morphological count is recommended.
For an accurate manual cell count, the quality of the blood smear is important. This entails the practice of good slide preparation and staining procedure.
Top tips from the laboratory technician
Here we list a few things to consider when preparing a microscopy slide.
Blood sampling procedure
Manual microscopy can be done using both venous and capillary samples. For skin puncture and capillary blood sampling, see capillary blood sample collection
Tips for things to do to get the optimal thin blood film:
Clean the base slide (frosted glass microscope slide) with a napkin before starting to make the blood to later slide more easily.
Place approximately 8–10 μl of blood on the base slide.
Touch the drop of blood with the spreader slide (this slide should have chipped edges) until blood is evenly spread across the spreader slide.
Quickly but gently, without exerting too much pressure on the actual slide, slide the blood across to make a thin film of blood that is evenly spread.
The smear should cover two-thirds of the base slide and should have a feathered end.
It is essential to get a good monolayer to accurately count the WBCs (Fig 1). One tip to get a good monolayer is to not use too much blood for the slide preparation.